academic writing skills
The American Psychological Association (or APA format) is the standard form for assignments in psychology and the social sciences.
Use of the third-person rather than first-person perspective
Academic writing refers to a style of expression that researchers use to define the intellectual boundaries of their disciplines and specific areas of expertise. Characteristics of academic writing include a formal tone, use of the third-person rather than first-person perspective (usually), a clear focus on the research problem under investigation, and precise word choice. Like specialist languages adopted in other professions, such as, law or medicine, academic writing is designed to convey agreed meaning about complex ideas or concepts for a group of scholarly experts.
Scholars rely on precise words and language to establish the narrative tone of their work and, therefore, punctuation marks are used very deliberately. For example, exclamation points are rarely used to express a heightened tone because it can come across as unsophisticated or over-excited. Dashes should be limited to the insertion of an explanatory comment in a sentence, while hyphens should be limited to connecting prefixes to words [e.g., multi-disciplinary] or when forming compound phrases [e.g., commander-in-chief]. Finally, understand that semi-colons represent a pause that is longer than a comma, but shorter than a period in a sentence. In general, there are four grammatical uses of semi-colons: when a second clause expands or explains the first clause; to describe a sequence of actions or different aspects of the same topic; placed before clauses which begin with “nevertheless”, “therefore”, “even so,” and “for instance”; and, to mark off a series of phrases or clauses which contain commas. If you are not confident about when to use semi-colons [and most of the time, they are not required for proper punctuation], rewrite using shorter sentences or revise the paragraph.
Avoiding Plagiarism (MIT)
Citation, citation, citation. Learning proper citation techniques is critical to avoiding plagiarism. Review this site to learn how to properly quote, paraphrase, and summarize while avoiding unintentional plagiarism. E.S.
Avoiding Plagiarism (Purdue University)
What makes an undergrad sweat even more than procrastination is the constant threat of plagiarism. Want to avoid the worst-nightmare scenario of ending up defending yourself in front of academic conduct board? Check out this site to learn to identify plagiarism, to avoid it, and to practice your amazing plagiarism-avoiding skills. C.H.
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Two part worksheet that is a paragraph and reference list. Students have to put in the correct in-text reference. The second part is a reference list exercise where students have to put the sections in the correct order. A nice lesson to introduce students to referencing and becoming aware of key referencing principles. Level ** ** * [B1/B2/C1] Example / Webpage link / TEACHER MEMBERSHIP
Topic: Mergers & Acquisitions. Two short texts (included) – students read the texts, make notes of key arguments , and write a 400-600 word essay using in-text referencing and paraphrasing. The essay should follow (block / point-by-point structure) more info. Lesson includes teacher notes, outline & a model essay. Example Level **** * [B2/C1] / Webpage link. / TEACHER MEMBERSHIP