definition of university
Middle English universite from Old French from Medieval Latin ūniversitās from Latin the whole, a corporate body from ūniversus whole ; see universe .
- Institution of highereducation (typically accepting students from the age of about 17 or 18, depending on country, but in some exceptional cases able to take younger students) where subjects are studied and researched in depth and degrees are offered. The only reason why I haven’t gone to university is because I can’t afford it.
ū-ni-vėr′si-ti, n. a corporation of teachers or assemblage of colleges for teaching the higher branches of learning, and having power to confer degrees. [L. universitas, a corporation—universus.]
Rank popularity for the word ‘university’ in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #569
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The experience of life regarded as a means of instruction.
Returning to Edinburgh, he, in October 1783, entered the University .
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The earliest Western institution that can be called a university was a famous medical school that arose at Salerno, Italy, in the 9th century and drew students from all over Europe. It remained merely a medical school, however. The first true university in the West was founded at Bologna late in the 11th century. It became a widely respected school of canon and civil law. The first university to arise in northern Europe was the University of Paris, founded between 1150 and 1170. It became noted for its teaching of theology, and it served as a model for other universities in northern Europe such as the University of Oxford in England, which was well established by the end of the 12th century. The Universities of Paris and Oxford were composed of colleges, which were actually endowed residence halls for scholars.
The Protestant Reformation of the 16th century and the ensuing Counter-Reformation affected the universities of Europe in different ways. In the German states, new Protestant universities were founded and older schools were taken over by Protestants, while many Roman Catholic universities became staunch defenders of the traditional learning associated with the Catholic church. By the 17th century, both Protestant and Catholic universities had become overly devoted to defending correct religious doctrines and hence remained resistant to the new interest in science that had begun to sweep through Europe. The new learning was discouraged, and thus many universities underwent a period of relative decline. New schools continued to be founded during this time, however, including ones at Edinburgh (1583), Leiden (1575), and Strasbourg (university status, 1621).