key features of descriptive writing
Descriptive essays make use of the five senses. The writer effectively conveys personal perceptions on the subject through the use of sensory details and figurative details. Sensory details are those that appeal to the five senses while figurative details involve the use of similes and metaphors to describe the subject. The use of sensory details makes the essay more vibrant and appealing to the readers’ imagination. For example, graphic descriptions of odors — pleasant or unpleasant — allows readers to “experience” smells.
Descriptive essays are based more on “show” than “tell” — giving readers a visual idea of the subject. For example, a “tell” sentence would be, “The sun disappeared into the water.” The same sentence in “show” mode might read, “The setting sun disappeared in a blaze of red and gold glory, swallowed up, it would seem, by the vast expanse of the Pacific Ocean.” Through vivid depictions, the writer conveys to readers individual impressions based on emotions or perceptions.
The body of the essay is divided into paragraphs or sections, depending on the length of the essay. Each of these should take one aspect of the topic of study and expound on it. A variety of sentence structures and a more imaginative vocabulary would serve to bring more vividness and completeness to the description.So, stock up on some good words and structures. But that’s not all. You have tomake use of them in the appropriate places to bring more punch to your essay. The only way to do this is to practice writing different sentences in different ways and then select the more suitable one. As they say, practice makes perfect and you will soon be able to breeze off sentences and whole paragraphs that can earn you great grades.
Get into the action right from the beginning. Try to avoid round-about paragraphs. Come straight to what you want to talk about but elaborate on it. Let the reader visualize and grasp it. That is the success of quality descriptive writing.
Students use their five senses and a graphic organizer to brainstorm ideas for writing a report on a recent school event and to help them think about interesting words to include in their report. See the lesson plan.
Writing in science gives students an opportunity to describe observations and scientific phenomena, and can help them comprehend new material by having to explain it in their own words. Fazio and Gallagher propose two instructional strategies to assist teachers and student when writing in science: a mnemonic acronym (POWER) and an editing checklist.
It’s a quite important step. You have to look over your essay and ask yourself necessary questions about it. Does it describe the subject well? Does it create a full picture? Does it involve all senses? You have to make sure that your readers get all necessary information, as well as they feel all emotions related to this subject. You also have to make transitions between your paragraphs, to create an easy-to-read structure, so that your readers could perceive the text in the most natural way. Make sure that you describe all details, but don’t start with the specific features before general things. In other words, don’t describe your friend’s apartment before you introduce your friend.
It’s another step of key importance. Even if your essay sounds really good and grabs your readers’ attention, it still may be bad because of mistakes. Everyone does grammar mistakes, so you have to check your paper a few times to make sure that you haven’t missed a thing. If you need help with proofreading, you can use online grammar checkers, but don’t forget that such programs are unable to analyze your text as a whole, so we suggest you to order professional proofreading on our website, it will help you a lot.
If readers come away from a descriptive essay with the feeling that they have really met a person, gone to a particular place, or held a certain object, the writer has done a good job. If readers also feel an emotional connection and deep appreciation for the subject’s significance, the writer has done a great job.
4. Editing a Descriptive Essay
At this point in the writing process, writers proofread and correct errors in grammar and mechanics. It’s also the time to improve style and clarity. Watch out for clichés and loading up on adjectives and adverbs. Having a friend read the essay helps writers see trouble spots and edit with a fresh perspective.